Personality Assessment & EPI

12Feb08

4 Purposes of Personality test.

1. Clinical Diagnosis
2. Counselling
3. Personnel Selection
4. Psychological Research.

2 Categories of Personality Assessment

1. Self-report Inventories
2. Projective Tests

Temperament

– Biological/Inborn basis of personality
– Related to Central Nervous System
– We can try to change our temperament, but it will not.
– In difficult times, we reveal our temperament.

EYSENCK’S PERSONALITY IDENTITY (EPI)

– Hans Eysenck is a German psychologist.
– EPI is a statistical technique of factor analysis, viewing personality in 3-dimensional.

– 3 Dimensional view:

1. Neurocriticism
2. Extraversion/Intraversion

 – Neurocriticism is divided into stability (calm, even-tempered, reliable) and unstability (moody, anxious, unreliable)
– Neurocriticism is genetic basis. 2 identical twins shows the same neurocriticism identity.
– Extraversion (Happiness) and Intraversion (Research Interest)
– An introvert shows that he is more physiologically aroused, is conducted easier, and socially inhibited.

– EPI is based on theories stated that

“Personality is stable over time and consistent across situations”

– Dispositional approach to stability & consistency in a relatively enduring personal characteristic are called “types” and “traits”

– Correlation with types/traits identified by Hippocrates and Galen:

HIPPOCRATES & GALEN’s THEORY OF PERSONALITY TYPE

4 types of human being:

1. Melancholic
2. Choleric
3. Phlegmatic
4. Sanguinic

Correlation between Hippocrates/Galen’s classification and modern classification of personality types/traits:

Melancholic
– Moody
– Anxious
– Rigid
– Sober
– Pessimistic
– Reserved
– Unsocialable
– Quiet

Choleric
– Touchy
– Restless
– Aggressive
– Excitable
– Changeable
– Impulsive
– Optimistic
– Active

Phlegmatic
– Passive
– Careful
– Thoughtful
– Peaceful
– Controlled
– Reliable
– Even tempered
– Calm

Sanguinic
– Socialable
– Outgoing
– Talkative
– Responsive
– Easy going
– Lively
– Carefree
– Leadership

An example of extensive EPI Questionnaire can be found FOC here: http://www.trans4mind.com/personality/



5 Responses to “Personality Assessment & EPI”

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  1. 1 Personaliti? « Leokid’s Life

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